Unit 55: THIS/ THAT/ THESE/ THOSE
You can use this or that or these or those at the beginning of a noun phrase (Whose is this green jacket?) or alone (Whose is this? Is this yours? This is terrible!).
this girl, that girl
these girls, those girls
HERE AND NOW (I have)
Maria, this is John. John, this is Maria.
This is a nice restaurant.
(In the restaurant now.)
Can I change this sweater, please?
It's too small.
How much are these?
(In my hand.)
When is this rain going to stop?
(It is raining now.)
These cakes are lovely.
(We are eating them now.)
THERE AND THEN (I don't have)
That's John in the blue sweater.
Let's go to that restaurant by the river.
(We are at home.)
Can I have a look at that red one in the window?
How much are those apples?
Do you remember that wonderful summer in 1996?
Look at those lovely cakes in the window.
I don't like this book. I prefer that one we used last year.
NOTICE: That's that! = Everything is finished.